Nowadays, there are many building material providers in the market. Moreover, homeoweners don’t have much information on the technical requirements as well as the foundation process, let’s take a look at the article to help you improve the quality of work and control costs in the best way.
Unlike consumer goods, consumers will be able to easily know the quality of the product in using and buying process. Particularly in the field of construction materials such as cement, the user can not know the longevity of the works until their works show signs of degradation.
Main stages of the building process:
- Piling work:
If the land on the ponds leveling, to ensure the safety, we need to drill the reinforced concrete pile. This is an easy item to affect the adjacent land and buildings, so it is necessary to check the concrete and steel pile to avoid the failure of the standard pile and affecting the quality of the building. You should choose the direction to pile to avoid affecting the surrounding area. The piling work needs to be carefully monitored by a specialist (architects) as this is a critical stage of the project.
- Foundation work
The foundation is the basis of the house, which is subjected to the entire workload on the top, so the liner should be flat. If using broken bricks should mix cement mortar spread evenly, do not use construction waste to make the foundation lining. Usually, use 4×6 cm stone as a lining. The foundation pit must be dry so that the soil at the bottom of the foundation does not drift, reducing the soil tightness. Avoid landslides, slug holes. It is important to pay attention to technical faults in putting sewer, avoiding dredging and material wastage. In particular, there should be a plan to consider the risk of affecting the neighboring buildings.
- Formwork work:
Molds are used to shape the structure of concrete and reinforced concrete during the construction. Wood and steel are the main materials used to make formwork. Formwork should be tight, firm, and warp free. The geometry of the formwork must be accurate so that the finishing work is easy and does not waste materials.
- Concrete mixing
People should pay attention to strictly complying with design requirements and not overloading too much water, which will reduce the strength and quality of concrete. The aggregates (sand, stone, gravel) used in the foundation should be clean and uniformity. We are recommended to mix concrete in 2-3 minutes for the homogeneous concrete mix; concrete pours work then no more than 45 minutes to ensure quality.
- Maintain concrete
After pouring the concrete, it should be retained for at least seven days to achieve the best initial strength. It should be noted that in the coagulation process if the water inside the concrete is insufficient for hydration, the strength of the concrete may stop growing and cracking. Spraying water into copha is the best way to keep moisture. It is advised to spray evenly, small jets with regular spray cycles. Also, make sure to cover the concrete after pouring to keep water and sunscreen for concrete. Commonly used materials include sawdust, straw, etc. If the sun is shining, use tarpaulin or cement sheath to covering.
Note on how to choose cement for the foundation
To have a good quality concrete not only based on the construction process but also depends on the quality of cement. Therefore, in addition to adhering to the proper steps of the foundation, choosing the cement is also particularly important. You should only select brands that have long-standing prestige and are believed to be used in many building.